North Korea’s coal sales have historically been some of

  the country’s most valuable exports. UN sanctions meant to punish Pyongyang for its 2017 missile

and nuclear tests put a cap on the amount of coal the country was allowed to sell internationally. The mea

sures also capped the amount of oil and energy products the country was allowed to import.

  The report accused banks and insurance companies across the wor

ld of “unwittingly” facilitating and providing “coverage for vessels involved in ever-lar

ger… illegal ship-to-ship transfers of petroleum products, and an increasing number of ship-to-ship coal transfers.”

  It added that North Korea “has attempted to supply small arms and light weapons and other military equipment to Hou

thi rebels in Yemen, as well as to Libya and the Sudan, via foreign intermediaries.”

  North Korea has long sought the removal of UN sanctions and portrayed the measures as violations of its sovereignty.

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